Iran is one of the largest producers of pistachios in the world and pistachios are among the most valuable agricultural products in Iran.
The export of pistachios and dates in Iran to other countries of the world has a long history and is considered as one of the traditional trade of Iran. In recent years, with the US entering the pistachio export market, close competition between Iran and the US over this lucrative trade has grown, and the US has been able to produce its own pistachio farms in California with the help of Iranians living in the US. To bring it to the level of Iran and even more.
On average, the value of Iran’s pistachio exports is $ 1.2 billion each year, which has been increasing or decreasing due to the conditions of Iran’s cultivation and sanctions. The third competitor of Iran and the United States in recent years has been Turkey, although the production of pistachios in Turkey is very small compared to these two countries.
How to export pistachios (check the destination standard)
In order to start the pistachio export process, the customer’s needs must be considered, which may vary depending on the destination country, the type of pistachio quality. European countries are usually strict in this regard, and the best quality pistachios are exported to these countries. In contrast, less developed and middle-income countries have higher market quality averages. After selecting the type of quality, the type of exported pistachio with the standards mentioned by the customer is also provided in accordance with the required standards of the customs of the sending country and the recipient country. For example, many standards are for food quality testing. For example, food standards in Germany are very strict on aflatoxin values, so only pistachios with very low levels of aflatoxin poisoning. They find their way. According to the country’s laws and regulations, the goal of importing foodstuffs, especially the standards for importing nuts and foodstuffs to the destination customs, which is necessary in all EU countries, is to obtain food safety certificates and compliance with authorized limits from reputable laboratories of the Standards Office. And for some special cases of food or medicine, approval is obtained from the Food and Drug Administration. It is mandatory to obtain permits and approvals from customs before proceeding with these steps. Getting a health certificate for pistachio exports and its products is a time-consuming process in terms of contamination with aflatoxin toxins, which should be well taken into account in the pistachio export schedule to prevent possible losses.
Pistachio export method (required permits)
Following the above steps is a requirement for pistachio exports. After preparing and supplying your cargo, suitable packages should be provided for its transportation and all the company’s information and information about the cargo should be included on the packages. Most of the time, pistachios are exported in bulk, in which case you can hack the information on a sack or by labeling.
One of the easiest ways to go through the customs process is to use the customs capacity of the place where the cargo is supplied. To export pistachios, you can use the customs of Kerman province to go through the declaration process and standards, and so on. In this process, in order to obtain the necessary licenses, the customs and the standard office of exporters are required to obtain the health certificates of the product and the amount of aflatoxin available. Of course, if the export of pistachios is in the form of complete packaging of the company and has the health licenses of the packaging company, they do not need to be re-approved, and this method is for the export of bulk pistachios.
In order to obtain standard and hygienic approval, the existing load is first sampled and the odor is referred to a food and standard laboratory to obtain a plant health certificate.
In all of the above steps, you can also use the help and advice of companies and people in clearance to get through these steps quickly.
How to export pistachios (freight and transportation to the destination)
After going through all the above steps and obtaining the necessary licenses and standards, it is time for the pistachio billing process to take place. Despite the large number of companies active in the field of international transportation in Iran, this stage is not very difficult and you can easily find a reputable company in the field. After finding a reputable company, check all the steps. Carefully inspect the container in which the pistachio load should be placed. If possible, disinfect insects and possible fungi. Especially if the load is to be carried on the sea, where high humidity can affect the load. For dried fruits such as dried figs, due to the high sensitivity of this material, refrigerated containers should be used so that they are not damaged during transportation.
It is very common in the export of pistachios and other dried fruits and in the tradition of international trade that by submitting the draft of delivery of goods containing the details of the buyer to the International Cargo Company, they settle the final account and the bill of lading and other documents along with the goods for the buyer. They send for final clearance. After the cargo arrives at the destination, the buyer with the same bill of lading and other documents, including standards, etc., proceeds to clear his cargo from the customs of the destination country.
In order to obtain a certificate of origin from the Chamber of Commerce, a shipping bill of lading is used and after the issuance of this certificate of origin, it is sent to the final buyer with other documents so that pistachio exports can go through their final stages.